1204 - Death of Eleanor of Aquitaine, Queen of France and England, who led troops in the Second Crusade.

1666 - French forces capture St Kitts, Leeward Island, West Indies, from England.

1852 - Second Burmese War breaks out after British ultimatum to King of Burma.

1875 - The Times of London becomes the first newspaper to print a daily weather chart.

1917 - Death of Scott Joplin, US ragtime composer and musician.

1918 - In Britain, the Royal Flying Corps and the Royal Naval Air Force amalgamate to form the Royal Air Force.

1924 - Court sentences Adolf Hitler to five years' jail for high treason after his abortive 1923 putsch.

1933 - Nazi Germany begins formal persecution of Jews with a boycott of Jewish-owned businesses and seizure of Jewish people's bank accounts.

1937 - India Constitution goes into effect but All-India Party abstains from forming government, demanding complete independence.

1939 - Spanish Civil War ends with Nationalist victory, one million dead and a 36-year dictatorship.

1945 - US Marines land on Japanese-held island Okinawa, heralding the start of the last major World War II Pacific battle.

1948 - Blockade of Berlin starts when the Russians begin checking all road and rail traffic between Berlin and the Western zones.

1955 - Hobart becomes the first Australian city to introduce parking meters.

1960 - South African government bans African National Congress and Pan-African Congress.

1964 - Francois "Papa Doc" Duvalier installs himself as Haiti's president for life.

1973 - In Britain, Value Added Tax (VAT) becomes operative.

1976 - Direct dialling from Australia to overseas countries becomes available with OTC and Telecom introducing the ISD service in Sydney.

1984 - US soul singer Marvin Gaye is shot dead by his father during an argument.

1988 - Sikh gunmen go on murder spree across India's Punjab State, killing 37 people.

1992 - US President George Bush pledges his country will help finance the $US24 billion international aid fund for the former Soviet Union.

1998 - Israel formally accepts a UN resolution calling for its withdrawal from south Lebanon.

1999 - The High Court rejects an Aboriginal challenge to laws allowing the building of a bridge to Hindmarsh Island, South Australia.

2002 - Euthanasia becomes legal in the Netherlands.

2008 - Gunmen fire on a car carrying foreign aid workers and abduct a Briton and a Kenyan in southern Somalia.

2012 - Democracy campaigner Aung San Suu Kyi wins a seat in myanmar adventure tour's parliament, marking her return to open politics after 22 years as a de facto political prisoner.

2014 - Therese Rein, wife of former Australian prime minister Kevin Rudd, sells her multinational recruitment company Ingeus to a US company, in a deal worth up to $222 million.

2017 - The federal government announces Australians aged under 21 with Type 1 Diabetes are to be given access to free glucose monitoring devices.


Prince Otto von Bismarck, German statesman (1815-1898); Sergei Rachmaninoff, Russian composer (1873-1943); Edgar Wallace, British author (1875-1932); Lon Chaney, US actor (1883-1930); Peter Cundall, British-born Australian horticulturalist and TV personality (1927-); Debbie Reynolds, US actress-entertainer (1932-2016); Ali MacGraw, US actress (1939-); Jimmy Cliff, Jamaican singer (1948-); David Gower, English cricketer (1957-); Mike Baird, former NSW Premier (1968-); Lachy Hulme, Australian actor (1971-); John Butler, US-Australian singer and musician (1975-).


Pierre qui roule n'amasse pas mousse (A rolling stone gathers no moss). - French proverb