Mahavakyas enable the seeker to arrive at the non-dual nature of the Self and put an end to the bondage by declaring the knowledge of the Atman and Brahman. Soul or Supreme Self or Atman or Brahman is that abiding, constantly existing and imperishable entity which is the basis for this world, which is indivisible self-luminous, unchanging and all-pervading, which is the silent witness or Sakshi of the three states viz., waking, dreaming and deep sleep.

As far as present ideas are concerned, we can consider those spiritual realities emerging from the mind such as ideas, thoughts and information. In the Rig Veda, Brahman gives rise to the primordial being Hiranyagarbha that is equated with the creator God Brahmā.

Brahman in Advaita is considered to be the absolute reality. His book does not simply speak of Brahman, but ties Brahman in with the many facets of Vedic and Hindu spirituality, the various concepts and stages of Vedic spirituality. For Shaktas, who worship Devi, Devi is the personal form of God to attain the impersonal Absolute, God.

In the same way, Advaita Vedanta says that our individual consciousness at the superficial level has only relative reality. It is only now that more and more people are talking about spirituality and writing about it. In terms of the origin of the reality behind those words or in terms of the object of our understanding, spirituality came first.

Brahmans and kings became the dominant social and religious forces in many of the kingdoms that developed over pre-modern India. That same Brahman is known from His external signs, from Whom the whole universe has sprung, in Whom when so sprung It exists, and into Whom all things return.

Atman is Nithya (ever present), suddha (pure, independent), vimukta (independent, asangoyam), ekam (One without a second), akandam (indivisible), anandam(bliss), advayam (nondual) satyam (Existence), jnanam (Knowledge), that's para Brahmam, nirguna Brahman.